Photography by Martin Chalk
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NPAACT Home > Gallery > Native flora and fauna > Tiger quoll or spotted quoll (Dasyurus maculatus)

Tiger quoll or spotted quoll (Dasyurus maculatus)

Tiger quoll or spotted quoll (Dasyurus maculatus) - Photography by Murray Aston, Parks Conservation and Lands

The tiger quoll is a carnivorous marsupial mammal, 35 to 75 cm long with a similar length tail. It is the largest of the four quolls. Females grow to 4 kg, males may weigh up to 7 kg. It has thick, fawn, brown or black fur, with lighter fur on the underside, white spots dot the body and bushy tail which may have a white tip. It has a pointed snout with a pink nose and sharp teeth. Ridges on the pads of its feet enable the quoll to climb trees (see photo).
Quolls diet includes: insects, birds, rats, and small animals. It is nocturnal but spends some daylight hours basking in the sun.
It nests in rocky banks, hollow logs, or small caves and produces one litter a year with four to six young. The gestation period is about three weeks. The young remain in the pouch for about seven weeks, and become independent of the mother in about 18 weeks. Sexual maturity is reached after one year. The tiger quoll can may live 4 or 5 years.
Before European settlement the southern subspecies had a range extending from southern Queensland through coastal New South Wales and Victoria to Tasmania. It is now confined to a few areas, mostly in national parks, and listed as threatened in all mainland states. Land clearing, habitat destruction, and possible predation by the red fox and cats have led to the decline.
Barely a dozen quolls have been seen in the ACT in the last 50 years. This one was captured, fitted with an electronic tag and released back into Namadgi National Park.

Photography by Murray Aston, Parks Conservation and Lands

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